The Effect of Shade on Germination and Seedling Growth of Two Dogfruit (Pithecellobium jiringa) Genotypes

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Aprizal Zainal
Benni Satria
Idel Mawati
Trisia Wulantika

Abstract

Dog fruit (Pithecellobium lobatum Benth, synonyms P. jiringa, Archidendron pauciflorum) is one of the popular tropical plants. The objectives of this research are to determine the best (i) the best genotype for germination and growth of dogfruit seedlings (ii) combination of shade and genotype, (iii) the best percentage of shade and. This research was carried out by direct observation of seed germination and seedling formation. The study was carried out in an experimental garden located ± 255 meters above sea level. The average temperature and mean humidity during the experiment were 27 ºC and 65%, respectively. The experiment used a completely random design consisting of two factors. The first factor was shade (0%, 40%, or 80% shading). The second factor was genotype (bareh and lokan). Data were analysed using analysis of variance and significant differences were further analysed using Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test at the 5% level. Observations for determining the time of radicle appearance, root length, radicular colour, and germination type seeds were germinated in seedbeds. Temperature and humidity were recorded in every observation. The best interaction with respect to leaf area is 80% shade cloth and the lokan genotype. Eighty percent shade cloth is the best for germination and growth of Dogfruit seedlings. The best genotype for germination and growth is lokan. It is recommended to use 80% shade cloth because it provides optimal growth of Dogfruit seedlings.

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Author Biographies

Aprizal Zainal, Andalas University

Agrotechnology Faculty of Agriculture

Benni Satria, Andalas University

Agrotechnology Faculty of Agriculture

Idel Mawati, Andalas University

Agrotechnology Faculty of Agriculture

Trisia Wulantika, Politenik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh

Seed Technology, Department of Plant Cultivation

How to Cite
Zainal, A. ., Satria, B., Mawati, I. ., & Wulantika, T. (2024). The Effect of Shade on Germination and Seedling Growth of Two Dogfruit (Pithecellobium jiringa) Genotypes. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 8(2), 211-227. https://doi.org/10.55043/jaast.v8i2.174

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