Land Suitability of Wani Fruit (Mangifera caesia) for Fruit Development in Mount Batur, Kintamani, Bali

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

I Gusti Ayu Diah Yuniti
Nanang Sasmita
Jhon Hardy Purba
Liris Lis Komara

Abstract

Bali Province is one of the local mango producers, namely Wani fruit. Wani fruit (Mangifera caesia) is a local Balinese fruit that has the potential to be developed. Wani fruit production in Bali has decreased due to fewer trees in community gardens. This study aims to determine the suitability of land for wani fruit plants on the slopes of Mount Batur Kintamani. Evaluation of land based on agroecological zones includes slope, drainage, humidity and temperature. Sampling used composite sampling based on agroecological zones and data analysis using descriptive and comparative methods. The results of research on the suitability of Wani fruit land in Kintamani show three classes, namely moderately suitable (CS), marginally suitable (SM), and not suitable (TS) with the main limiting factors being slope, texture, temperature, effective depth and rainfall. Based on the results of research on the Kintamani area, Mount Batur is suitable for the development of Wani Fruit in Bali. Primarily for Horticultural and Conservation purposes for the protection of local species. Based on agroecological zones, the land area in the Kintamani Bali area that can be developed for Wani fruit plants are zones I, II and III with an area of 21,476 Ha, which is 58.53% of the area of Kintamani. The distribution of agroecological zones suitable for the development of Wani fruit in zone I and II land units is predominantly spread in residential plain areas, and land units in zone III are spread in hilly areas.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

Author Biographies

I Gusti Ayu Diah Yuniti, Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar

Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture and Business

Nanang Sasmita, East Kutai Agriculture Institute

Forestry Study Program

Jhon Hardy Purba, Universitas Panji Sakti

Agrotechnology Study Program

Liris Lis Komara, East Kutai Agriculture Institute

Forestry Study Program

How to Cite
Yuniti, I. G. A. D., Sasmita, N. ., Purba, J. H., & Komara, L. L. . (2024). Land Suitability of Wani Fruit (Mangifera caesia) for Fruit Development in Mount Batur, Kintamani, Bali. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 8(2), 255-266. https://doi.org/10.55043/jaast.v8i2.245

References

  1. Agricultural Research and Development Agency. (1999). Agroecological Area Analysis Methodology Guide. Soil and Agroclimate Research Center and Agricultural Research and Development Institutional Development Project. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. https://www.academia.edu/28894981/PANDUAN_METODOLOGI_ANALISIS_ZONE_AGRO_EKOLOGI
  2. Akhter, S., McDonald, M. A., & Marriott, R. (2016). Mangifera sylvatica (Wild Mango): A new cocoa butter alternative. Scientific Reports, 6(1), 32050. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32050
  3. AL-Taani, A., Al-husban, Y., & Farhan, I. (2021). Land suitability evaluation for agricultural use using GIS and remote sensing techniques: The case study of Ma’an Governorate, Jordan. Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 24(1), 109–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrs.2020.01.001
  4. Anderson, N., Eben, A., & Dias, G. H. (2019). Estimation of fruit load in mango orchards: tree sampling considerations and use of machine vision and satellite imagery. Precision Agriculture, 20(4), 823–839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11119-018-9614-1
  5. Bangli Regency Government, . (2022). Kabupaten Bangli Dalam Angka Tahun 2022. BPS Kabupaten Bangli. https://banglikab.bps.go.id/publication/2022/02/25/547c355e31198717f006acf7/kabupaten-bangli-dalam-angka-2022.html
  6. Barceló-Anguiano, M., Hormaza, J. I., & Losada, J. M. (2021). Conductivity of the phloem in mango (Mangifera indica L.). Horticulture Research, 8(1), 150. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00584-1
  7. BPS. (2023). Kecamatan Kintamani Dalam Angka 2023, Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bangli, Bali. https://banglikab.bps.go.id/publication/2023/09/26/5a4c1756af721dd40b7ed0a0/kecamatan-kintamani-dalam-angka-2023.html
  8. Crawford, B. A., Maerz, J. C., & Moore, C. T. (2020). Expert-informed habitat suitability analysis for at-risk species assessment and conservation planning. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 11(1), 130–150. https://doi.org/10.3996/092019-JFWM-075
  9. Department of Agriculture. (2022). Laporan Produksi Pertanian Provinsi Bali. Dinas Pertanian Provinsi Bali.
  10. Dias, G. H., Rodrigues, J. P. B., Coelho, F. S., Filgueira, R. F., & Peixoto, F. S. (2019). Extração de Atributos Morfométricos da Serra Mossoró (Mossoró-RN) a Partir do Modelo de Elevação Digital (MDE). Revista Brasileira de Geografia Fisica, 12(6), 2239–2248. https://doi.org/10.26848/rbgf.v12.6.p2239-2248
  11. Eben, A., Dieckhoff, C., Boehnke, B., Vogt, H., Herz, A., & Köppler, K. (2022). Selected invasive pests in fruiticulture – overview of the current situation and ongoing research projects on spotted wing drosophila and stink bugs. Journal Fur Kulturpflanzen, 74(3), 63–74. https://doi.org/10.5073/JfK.2022.03-04.04
  12. Fitmawati, F., Harahap, S. P., & Sofiyanti, N. (2017). Short Communication: Phylogenetic analysis of mango (Mangifera) in Northern Sumatra based on gene sequences of cpDNA trnL-F intergenic spacer. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 18(2), 715–719. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d180238
  13. Fitmawati, F., Roza, R. M., Emrizal, E., Juliantari, E., & Almurdani, M. (2022). The potency of wild mango Mangifera magnifica as a new source of antidiabetic agents with concurrent antioxidant activity. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(10), 5159-5164. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d231023
  14. Gaur, S., Mittal, A., Bandyopadhyay, A., Holman, I., & Singh, R. (2020). Spatio-temporal analysis of land use and land cover change: a systematic model inter-comparison driven by integrated modelling techniques. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41(23), 9229–9255. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2020.1815890
  15. Hardjowigeno, S. (2003). Klasifikasi Tanah dan Pedogenesis. Akademika Pressindo.
  16. Hazarika, R., & Saikia, A. (2020). Landfill site suitability analysis using AHP for solid waste management in the Guwahati Metropolitan Area, India. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 13(21). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-06156-2
  17. Lakitan, B. (2009). Pengaruh Curah Hujan bagi Tanaman. Universitas Indonesia.
  18. Luo, X., Yang, J., Sun, W., & He, B. (2021). Suitability of human settlements in mountainous areas from the perspective of ventilation: A case study of the main urban area of Chongqing. Journal of Cleaner Production, 310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127467
  19. Mahinroosta, R., & Senevirathna, L. (2020). A review of the emerging treatment technologies for PFAS contaminated soils. In Journal of Environmental Management, 255). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109896
  20. Mahmud, K., Roanisca, O., & Ledesma, N. (2019). Binjai ( Mangifera caesia) leaf extract nanoemulsion as antibacterial Escherichia coli. Malaysian Applied Biology, 1108(1), 29–32. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1244.4
  21. Manurung, M. T., Irsal, & Haryati. (2015). Pengaruh curah hujan dan hari hujan terhadap produksi tanaman karet. Jurnal Online Agroteknologi, 2(3), 564–573. https://www.neliti.com/publications/104091/pengaruh-curah-hujan-dan-hari-hujan-terhadap-produksi-tanaman-karet-hevea-brasil. DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.32734/jaet.v3i2.10302
  22. Martinello, C., Cappadonia, C., Conoscenti, C., Agnesi, V., & Rotigliano, E. (2021). Optimal slope units partitioning in landslide susceptibility mapping. Journal of Maps, 17(3), 152–162. https://doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2020.1805807
  23. Meina, W. (2012). Cara Menetralkan Tanah Asam dan Basa. Badan Koordinasi Penyuluhan Pertanian, Perikanan dan Kehutanan. https://pustaka.setjen.pertanian.go.id/index-berita/6-cara-menetralkan-tanah.
  24. Mulyanto, D., Supangkat, B., Nurseto, H. E., & Iskandar, J. (2023). Ethnobotanical identification of mango (Mangifera indica L.) and other fruit trees mentioned in Old Javanese Ramayana (10th century Java, Indonesia). Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 24(1), 609-616. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d240169
  25. Oladele, O. O., & Fatukasi, O. I. (2020). Effect of pre-storage hot air and hot water treatments on post-harvest quality of mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) fruit. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(4), 842–851. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12410634
  26. Pakasi, S. E., Jermias, J. V., & Pioh, D. D. (2023). Land Suitability Of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Plants By Utilizing Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Terapan, 4(1), 111–121. https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/v3/index.php/samrat-agrotek/article/view/46702/41696
  27. Pashkevich, M. A., Petrova T. A., & Rudzisha E. (2019). Lignin sludge application for forest land reclamation: Feasibility assessment. Journal of Mining Institute, 235, 106–112. https://doi.org/10.31897/PMI.2019.1.106
  28. Purba, J. H., Wahyuni, P. S., Zulkarnaen, Z., Sasmita, N., Yuniti, I. G. A. D., & Pandawani, N. P. (2020). Growth and yield response of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L. var. Tuktuk) from different source materials applied with liquid biofertilizers. Nusantara Bioscience, 12(2), 127–133. https://doi.org/10.13057/nusbiosci/n120207
  29. Rayes, M. L. (2007). Metode Inventarisasi Sumber Daya Lahan. Penerbit ANDI.
  30. Saha, R., Nath, V., & Kumar, D. (2010). Effects of farmyard manure on soil organic carbon stock, the pattern of fertility build-up, and plant growth in ‘Mallika’ mango ( Mangifera indica L.). The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 85(6), 539–543. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2010.11512711
  31. Sharma, B. G., Albert, S., & Dhaduk, H. K. (2018). Characterization of Thirty Cultivars of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) by Their Foliar Anatomical Traits. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 10(4), 547–553. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb10410341
  32. Soil Research Center. (1983). Term of Reference Klasifikasi Kesesuaian Lahan (Proyek Penelitian Pertanian Menunjang Transmigrasi). Pusat Penelitian Tanah. https://nasih.staff.ugm.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/Petunjuk-Teknis-Klasifikasi-Tanah-Nasional.-2014.pdf
  33. Subowo, G. (2010). Strategi efisiensi penggunaan bahan organik untuk kesuburan produktivitas tanah melalui pemberdayaan sumberdaya hayati tanah. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 4(1), 13–15. https://www.yumpu.com/id/document/view/19044631/strategi-efisiensi-penggunaan-bahan-organik-untuk-kesuburan-dan-#google_vignette
  34. Sutono, S. (2008). Budidaya Tanaman Mangga. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.
  35. Timberlake, T. P., Vaughan, I. P., & Memmott, J. (2019). Phenology of farmland floral resources reveals seasonal gaps in nectar availability for bumblebees. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56(7), 1585–1596. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13403
  36. Worlanyo, A. S., & Jiangfeng, L. (2021). Evaluating the environmental and economic impact of mining for post-mined land restoration and land-use: A review. In Journal of Environmental Management, 279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111623
  37. Yuniti, I. G. A. D., Purba, J. H., Komara, L. L., & Sasmita, N. (2022). Height and Diameter Measurement of Eucalyptus urophylla in Batur Mountain Nature Tourist Forest, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 6(2), 162–170. https://doi.org/10.55043/jaast.v6i2.72
  38. Yuniti, I. G. A. D., Purba, J. H., Sasmita, N., & Komara, L. L. (2020). Conservation of The Endangered Amerta Jati Orchid (Vanda tricolor) in Tourist Nature Park of Buyan Tamblingan Bali. Community, Ecology, and Religion: Interdisciplinary and Civic Engagement towards Sustainable Living. https://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=a56xZ28AAAAJ&pagesize=100&citation_for_view=a56xZ28AAAAJ:dhFuZR0502QC