Applications of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi to Improve Growth of Oil Palm Seedlings and Disease Resistance Against Ganoderma sp.

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Maria Viva Rini
Syaifudin Nur Hasan
Kuswanta Futas Hidayat
Titiek Nur Aeny

Abstract

Currently, basal stem rot disease incident in oil palm caused by the Ganoderma sp. increasing rapidly. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are one of the types of mycorrhizae that are useful for plants as they can increase plant growth and resistance to disease. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether the application of AMF to oil palm seedlings was able to increase the growth and resistance of oil palm seedlings against Ganoderma sp. The study used a factorial treatment design (4x2) with 5 replications arranged according to a completely randomized block design. The first factor was the type of AMF, namely without AMF (m0), Glomus sp. (m1), Entrophospora sp. (m2), and a mixture of Glomus sp. with Entrophospora sp. (m3). The second factor was soil from the oil palm rhizosphere that was attacked by Ganoderma sp., namely sterilized soil (g0) and unsterilized soil (g1). The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance and the mean separation was tested using the Least Significant Difference test at the 5% level. The results showed that all AMF treatments (m1, m2, and m3) increased the growth of oil palm seedlings compared to controls. Ganoderma sp. present in the planting medium has not inhibited the growth of oil palm seedlings (both control and those applied with AMF) as there is no Ganoderma sp. infection in the roots of oil palm seedlings observed at the end of the study (5 months after planting)

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Author Biographies

Maria Viva Rini, Lampung University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Syaifudin Nur Hasan, Lampung University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Kuswanta Futas Hidayat, Lampung University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

Titiek Nur Aeny, Lampung University

Department of Plant Protection

How to Cite
Rini, M. V., Hasan, S. N. ., Hidayat, K. F., & Aeny, T. N. (2022). Applications of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi to Improve Growth of Oil Palm Seedlings and Disease Resistance Against Ganoderma sp. Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, 6(1), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.55043/jaast.v6i1.40

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